Mykale (Samson) Mountain
Combining Ephesus, Samos, Khos, Millets, Kolosan, Miyus, Priene, Lebedos, Klazomenai, Eryli and later Smryna (12 Ion city) a confederation was established. This in one since, was the first united nations community of the world. The members of this unit which was formed of this cities, would carry of the findings and knowledge that they got from science, art, trade, agriculture, maritime trade and they would have made their religious ceremonies in which they would offer vows to their holly God Poseidon. There was a place on the north of Mykale (Samson) Mountain. This land belonged to Ephesus’, Samos’, at the end of the shore tape, there was a land belonging to Priene’, above this land, they found a place appropriate for this unit. This was told in an inscription found in the church of Guzelcamli. Here, in general, after the harvest time, federation members made meetings. They gave conferences about the problems of their city’s development, agriculture, trade, art, navigation and they did knowledge trade at these assemblies. Panionion was at the same time a prediction center in which religious ceremonies were arranged to the name of God Poseidon. Panionion, was in Priene’s lands and under its management. In the year 1913, German researcher Thwegand, had studied in this region, he had found the prop walls which were in a circle style and on the St. Ilias hill, its name is now Automatic Hill. He had proved that there had been an ancient settlement there. On the west side of the wall, there was a construction formed from 8 steps had been attracted attention of the researchers. In the investigation that Wiegand made, such a settlement unit had been found in Panionion which was a meeting place. Considering another researcher J. Keil, the other settlement unit had been found in Guzelcamli’s 300 meter south-east. This place was opened to sea on the south-east and on the top point of the valley, also this unit was protected itself being lively till the Christian term. Again according to other researchers, Panionion was in the lands of Melia ancient city. And Mykale was living with itself closely because of the mountains, Yolvermez rocky place. Ceramics pieces belonging to Melia ancient city are caught at sides even today. It’s still possible to see the castle wall remnants formed of out of order stones that surround the hill on the west of Guzelcamli. This wall is in the border of Panionion, and belong to Karia construction art. For this reason, it’s real that it can be the remnant of Melia ancient city’s rampart walls.